does abstract in apa format include citations

does abstract in apa format include citations

It is not entirely unreasonable to include a citation in an abstract, if the reason you are citing it is because your paper is a major extension, rebuttal, or counterpoint to the cited article.
I’d like to know your opinion on citations in abstracts. At my university, there is no rule on that matter so it’s basically a question of preference.

Hare, L.R., & O’Neill, K. (2000). Effectiveness and efficiency in small academic peer groups. Small Group Research, 31, 24-53. Abstract retrieved from Sociological Abstracts database. (Accession No. 200010185).
For MLA style

Note that the source you are citing is an abstract of a longer article. This information should appear in brackets. For example: [Abstract].
List the name of the author by placing the last name first followed by a comma. Include the initial of the author’s first name followed by a period. For example: Smith, J.

Does abstract in apa format include citations
The article record will include the author names, article title, journal name, volume, issue number, page range, and DOI (if available). The article record should includes the abstract for the article, if one is available.
In the library databases, you can find the citation information for an article on the article record page.

Does abstract in apa format include citations

  • Font: Times New Roman
  • Font Size: 12 point
  • Margins: 1 inch
  • Paragraphs: All paragraphs (except the Abstract) should be indented.
  • Spacing: All of the text in your paper should be double-spaced.

Things to know before you begin:

Does abstract in apa format include citations
Each of these items should start on a new page. Student papers may not contain all of these items. Consult your assignment instructions and grading rubric for details on what you are to provide.
The outline of a scientific paper: